Reference System.

Reference System

Turabian  (otherwise known as The Chicago Manual of Style), is the style preferred by University of Divinity for coursework assignments, research papers, theses, and dissertations.

The Chicago Manual of Style (or Bibliography style) is used widely in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in footnotes or endnotes and, usually, a bibliography.

Click here to see a Turabian Style Guide


Basic rules for the Turabian referencing system:

In both systems, the following conventions apply:

  • Book and journal titles appear in italics. If the italic style is unavailable, titles may be underlined.
    • The title of a book is to be taken from the title page, not from the cover only.
    • The sub-title is part of the title and to be included.
    • Authors’ names are to appear as the authors give them, including given names and middle initials.
    • The bibliography alphabetically lists, by author’s surname, all works actually referred to or quoted in the paper; it does not include all works consulted or read.