Applied Greek: Interpreting Galatians
In this unit, students will develop further competence in Greek through working with Paul’s epistle to the Galatians. Concurrently, a greater understanding of the text of Galatians will be achieved through the application of recent advances in the understanding of Koine Greek, textual criticism and Greco-Roman letter writing conventions. Emphasis is placed on the function of grammatical, literary and lexical features used by the writer and their significance for the exegesis and theological interpretation of the letter.
The unit provides for the integration and application of NT Greek to the study of the New Testament, suited particularly for students engaged in courses in biblical studies and ministry formation.
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
- Articulate and apply an understanding of recent advances in the study of Greek.
- Conduct a comprehensive word study and discuss the use of a term by an author.
- Explain, with reference to recent scholarship, the occasion and theological import of the letter to the Galatians
- Translate and exegete a portion of Galatians from the Greek with reference to the entire letter.
- (and at Level 3) Demonstrate an awareness of the significance of literary, syntactical and lexical features of the Greek text in the interpretation of Galatians.
- Articulate and critically apply an understanding of recent advances in the study of Greek.
- Employ a comprehensive word study to analytically evaluate the use of a term by an author.
- Explain, with reference to recent scholarship, the occasion and theological import of the letter to the Galatians.
- Translate and exegete from the Greek a portion of Galatians with reference to the entire letter.
- Demonstrate a sophisticated awareness of the significance of literary, syntactical and lexical features of the Greek text in the theological interpretation of Galatians.
Undergraduate Level 2
Investigation [Word study] (800 words) 20%
Case studies [Practical application of grammatical developments: translation exercises] (4 x 300 = 1200 words) 30%
Integrated essay: Translation and the theological interpretation of a portion of Galatians. (2000 words) 50%
Undergraduate Level 3
Investigation [Word study] (1000 words) 20%
Case studies [Practical application of grammatical developments: translation exercises]. (4 x 375 = 1500 words) 30%
Integrated essay: Translation and the theological interpretation of a portion of Galatians (2500 words) 50%
Postgraduate Level 9
Investigation. [Word study] 1200 words 20%
Case studies. [Practical application of grammatical developments: translation exercises]. 4 x 450 = 1800 words 30%
Integrated essay: Translation and the theological interpretation of a portion of Galatians. 3,000 words 50%
* Required texts
Aune, David E. The New Testament in Its Literary Environment. LEC 8. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1989.
Betz, Hans Dieter. Galatians: A Commentary on Paul’s Letter to the Churches in Galatia. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1979.
Bruce, F.F. The Epistle to the Galatians: A Commentary on the Greek Text. NIGTC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982.
Campbell, Constantine R. Advances in the Study of Greek: New Insights for Reading the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015.
Danker, Frederick W., Walter Bauer, William F. Arndt, and F. Wilbur Gingrich. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. 3rd ed. (BDAG). Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Das, A. Andrew. Galatians. Concordia Commentary: A Theological Exposition of Sacred Scripture. Saint Louis: Concordia, 2014.
De Boer, Martinus C. Galatians: A Commentary. NTL. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2011
Decker, Rodney J. Reading Koine Greek: An Introduction and Integrated Workbook. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014.
Elliott, Mark W. et al. Editors. Galatians and Christian Theology: Justification, the Gospel and Ethics in Paul’s Letter. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2014.
*Gupta Nijay K. and Jonah M. Sandford eds., Intermediate Biblical Greek Reader: Galatians and Related Texts. Free Download available: https://digitalcommons.georgefox.edu/pennington_epress/2/
Kittel, Gerhard, and Gerhard Friedrich, eds., Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Translated by Geoffrey W. Bromily. 10 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964–1976.
*Köstenberger, Andreas J., Benjamin L. Merkle and Robert L. Plummer. Going Deeper with New Testament Greek: An Intermediate Study of the Grammar and Syntax of the New Testament. Nashville: B&H Academic, 2016.
Martyn, James Louis. Galatians: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. AB 33A New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.
*Robinson, Maurice A. and Mark A. House, Analytical Lexicon of New Testament Greek, Massachusetts: Hendrickson, 2012. (Or similar, but must be analytical)
Silva, Moisés. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis. 5 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014.
Ziesler, John. Pauline Christianity. Rev. ed. Oxford Bible Series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.