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Advanced Counselling Theories, Processes and Strategies

This advanced unit builds on the core skills and theory essential for professional counselling that students have learned during undergraduate and /or postgraduate years of study. Students are required to both broaden and deepen their therapeutic conceptualising and practice skills through critical and reflective engagement with counselling theories and techniques that are sufficiently diverse so as to challenge them to hold conflicting ideas in tension, for example, Person-centred, Cognitive Behaviour, Acceptance and Commitment and Strength-based approaches to counselling. Students will also evaluate their knowledge of counselling integration by analysing different approaches to eclecticism leading to the reflective development of a systematic counselling approach of their own.

Learning Outcomes: 

Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  1. Evaluate underlying theoretical and philosophical bases of a range of approaches to
  2. Assess similarities and differences between a broad range of counselling modalities and 
argue the strengths and weaknesses as well as evidence for the effectiveness of each.
  3. Interpret and apply deep knowledge of theoretical techniques and skills that underpin 
each of four different approaches to counselling, such as Person-Centred approaches, 
Cognitive behaviour approaches, ACT approaches and Strength-based approaches.
  4. Examine the theory and practice of counselling integration, including Christian 
integration and articulate a systematic personal approach to counselling.


  1. Concept map describing, comparing and evaluating the four counselling modalities and evaluating the four counselling modalities studied in the unit; 750 words
  2. Case study; 2000 words (500 words per modality)
  3. Audio recording (45-60 minutes); transcription (1000 words); critique (500 words).
  4. Video (20 minutes); Comparison paper (1000 words); annotated transcript and critique (2000 words)

Select Bibliography:

*Recommended reading

Bridger, F. and Atkinson, D. (2007). Counselling in context: developing a theological framework. London, Harper & Collins.

Cooper, M. & McLeod, J. (2010). Pluralistic counseling and psychotherapy. Sage.
*Corey, G. (20 ). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy. (9th ed.). Pacific Grove,

  1. Brooks/Cole.
Duncan, B. L., Miller, S. D., Wampold, B. E. & Hubble, M. A. (2009). The heart and soul of

change: delivering what works in therapy. (2nd ed.). APA. Egan, G. (2013). The skilled helper (10th ed.). Brooks/Cole.

Entwistle, D. N. (2010). Integrative approaches to psychology and Christianity: an introduction to worldview issues, philosophical foundations and models of integration. Eugene, OR: Cascado.

Hoshmand, L. T. (2005). Culture, psychotherapy, and counseling: critical and integrative perspectives. Sage: London, UK.

Ivey, A., Ivey, M. and Zalaquett, C. (2014). Intentional interviewing and Counselling: facilitating client development in a multicultural society. Brooks/Cole Cengage.

*Jones, S. L. & Butman, R. E. (2011). Modern psychotherapies: a comprehensive Christian appraisal (2nd ed.). IVP Academic.

Loewenthal, D. & Snell, R. (2003). Post-modernism for psychotherapists: a critical reader. New York, Routledge.

McLeod, J. (2013). An introduction to counseling (5th ed). Open University Press.
*Miller, S. D., Duncan, B. L. & Hubble, M. A. (1997). Escape from Babel: toward a unifying

language for psychotherapy practice. New York: Norton.
Norcross, J. C. & Goldfried, M. R. (2005). Handbook of psychotherapy integration (2nd ed),

Oxford University Press.

Palmer, S. & Woolfe, R. (Eds.). (2001). Integration and eclectic counseling and psychotherapy. UK: Sage,

*Prochaska, J. O. & Norcross, J. C. (2009). Systems of psychotherapy: a transtheoretical analysis (7th ed.). Brooks Cole.