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This unit explores the development of the Christian belief in the person and work of Christ over the first five centuries of the church. It focuses on other time periods, such as the Reformation and the present, and their contribution to Christology. The unit addresses questions related to contemporary Christian life and witness in the light of current thought.

Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:

  1. Articulate the historical shifts in the development of Christological doctrine of the first five centuries.
  2. Describe a selection of reformed perspectives of the work of Christ.
  3. Outline and critique theological challenges arising from contemporary understandings and descriptions of Christ.
  4. (level 3) Apply Christological insights to contemporary worship or witness.
  5. (postgraduate) Reflect theologically on the role Christology plays in a chosen social issue.


Pre-requisites: undergraduate and postgraduate – 15 points in Systematic Theology

Prohibited combination: CT9071S – Christology without fig leaves or any other unit on the person and work of Christ.

Faculty: Dr. Jeffrey Pugh


undergraduate level 2
Seminar paper 1500 words 30 %
Reading report 1500 words 30 %
Major Essay  2000 words 40 %

undergraduate level 3
Seminar paper 1500 words  30 %
Reading report 1500 words  30 %
Major Essay  2500 words 40 %

postgraduate level 9
Theological exegesis of an historical document (1000 words) 10%
Seminar paper (1000 words) 20 %
Reading report (1500) 30 %
Major Essay  (2500 words) 40 %


* = set texts recommended for purchase

 *Erickson, MJ. Christian theology (3rd ed.). Grand Rapids: Baker, 2013.
Athanasius. On the Incarnation. Empire Books, 2012.
Baille, GM. God Was In Christ: An Essay on Incarnation and Atonement. London: Faber and Faber, 1961.
Bavinck, H. Sin and Salvation in Christ. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006.
Berkouwer, G. Studies in Dogmatics: The Person of Christ, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1954.
Crisp, O, and Sanders, F, eds. Christology Ancient and Modern. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013.
Davis ST, Kendall D, O’Collins, G, eds. The Incarnation An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Kärkkäinen, V M.  Christ and Reconciliation: A Constructive Christian Theology for the Pluralistic World. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013.
Nicole, R. “Covenant, Universal Call and Definite Atonement” JETS 38, no. 3 (1995), 403-412.
Shultz, GL. “Why a genuine universal Gospel call requires an atonement that paid for the sins of all people.” EQ 82 no. 2 (2010), 111-123.
Tennant, T. “Postmodernity; the Paradigm and the Pre-eminence of Christ” EQ 86 no 4 (2014) 291- 302.
Torrance, TF. Incarnation: The Person and Life of Christ.  Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2013.